Several royal owners have made the breed famous since the 18th century. Queen Victoria owned a particularly small Pomeranian, and consequently, the smaller variety became universally popular. During Queen Victoria’s lifetime alone, the breed’s size decreased by half. Overall, the Pomeranian is a sturdy, healthy dog. The most common health issues are luxating patella and tracheal collapse. The breed can rarely have Alopecia X, a skin condition colloquially known as “black skin disease.” This genetic disease causes the dog’s skin to turn black and lose all or most of its hair. As of 2017, in terms of registration figures, since at least 1998, the breed has ranked among the top fifty most widespread species in the United States. The current fashion for small dogs has increased its popularity worldwide.
White Pomeranian Puppy
- Pomeranians often are suspicious of strangers and can bark a lot.
- Pomeranians can be challenging to housetrain. Crate training is recommended.
- High heat and humidity can cause your Pom to become overheated and possibly stroke heat. When your Pom is outdoors, oversee him for signs of overheating and take him inside immediately. They are house dogs and should not be kept outdoors.
- While Poms are good with children, they are not suitable for very young or highly active children because of their small size. Never let your minor children and your Pom play without supervision.
- Because they are so small, Poms can be perceived as prey by owls, eagles, hawks, coyotes, and other wild animals. Never leave them outside unattended, and be watchful if there are predatory birds in your location. If this is the case, stay close to your Pom to discourage birds from trying to carry them off!
- Because they are small and attractive, Poms are targets for dognappers, another reason why you shouldn’t leave them outside unattended, even in a fenced yard.
- Although they are small, Poms don’t seem to realize it and can have a “big dog” attitude. This can spell disaster if they decide to chase a more giant dog that they think is encroaching upon their territory or if they jump from a high place. It’s up to you to ensure that your little one doesn’t harm himself due to not realizing his limitations.
- When your Pom gets old, he may develop bald spots in his beautiful coat.
- To get a healthy dog, never buy a puppy from an irresponsible breeder, puppy mill, or pet store. Look for a reputable breeder who tests her breeding dogs to make sure they’re free of genetic diseases that they might pass onto the puppies and that they have sound temperaments.
white Pomeranian puppy Size
Pomeranians are 7 to 12 inches tall and weigh 3 to 7 pounds. Some litters have puppies that are throwbacks when they were larger and grew to be 12 to 14 pounds or more.
These puppies can be an excellent choice for families with children.
white Pomeranian puppy Personality
The extroverted Pomeranian is bright and vivacious. He loves meeting new people and gets along well with other animals, although he sometimes thinks he’s a lot bigger than he is.
Don’t let him challenge bigger dogs in his mistaken belief that he’s their size or larger.
Alert and curious, Pomeranians make excellent watchdogs and will bark at anything out of the ordinary. Teach them to stop barking on command, though, or they might go on all day long.
Temperament is affected by several factors, including heredity, training, and socialization. Puppies with friendly temperaments are curious and playful, willing to approach people and be held by them.
Choose the middle-of-the-road puppy who’s willing to sit nicely on your lap, not the one who’s beating up his littermates or the one who’s hiding in the corner. Aggression and shyness aren’t characteristics that your Pom puppy will outgrow.
Always meet at least one of the parents — usually, the mother is the available one — to ensure that they have lovely temperaments that you’re comfortable with. Meeting siblings or other parents’ relatives is also helpful for evaluating what a puppy will be like when he grows up.
They should be friendly, calm, quiet, and easy to live with.
Like every dog, Pomeranians need early socialization — exposure to many different people, sights, sounds, and experiences — when they’re young. Socialization helps ensure that your Pom puppy grows into a well-rounded dog.
Enrolling him in a puppy kindergarten class is a great start. Inviting visitors over regularly and taking him to busy parks, stores that allow dogs, and on strolls to meet neighbors will also help him polish his social skills.
white Pomeranian puppy Health
Pomeranians are generally healthy, but like all breeds, they’re prone to specific health conditions. Not all Poms will get any or all of these diseases, but it’s essential to be aware of them if you’re considering this breed.
If you’re buying a puppy, find a good breeder who will show you health clearances for both your puppy’s parents. Health clearances prove that a dog has been tested for and cleared of a particular condition. In Poms, you should expect to see health clearances from the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals (OFA) for hip dysplasia (with a score of fair or better), elbow dysplasia, hypothyroidism, and von Willebrand’s disease; from Auburn University for thrombophilia; and from the Canine Eye Registry Foundation (CERF) certifying that eyes are normal. You can confirm health clearances by checking the OFA website (offa.org).
- Allergies: Some Pomeranians can suffer from various allergies, ranging from contact allergies to food allergies. If your Pomeranian is licking his paws or rubbing his face a great deal, suspect that he has an allergy and have him checked by your vet.
- Epilepsy: Some Pomeranians develop epilepsy and have seizures. If your Pom has seizures, take him to the vet to determine appropriate treatment.
- Eye Problems: Pomeranians are prone to various eye problems, including cataracts, dry eye (keratoconjunctivitis sicca) (dryness of the cornea and the conjunctiva), and tear duct problems. These problems can appear in young adult dogs and lead to blindness if untreated. Contact your vet if you notice any redness, scarring, or excessive tearing.
- Hip Dysplasia: Hip dysplasia occasionally occurs in Pomeranians. Many factors, including genetics, environment, and diet, contribute to this deformity of the hip joint. Affected Pomeranians usually can lead everyday, healthy lives, unlike some large and giant breeds, who require surgery to get around quickly.
- Legg-Perthes Disease: This is another disease involving the hip joint. Many toy breeds are prone to this condition. When your Pomeranian has Legg-Perthes, the blood supply to the head of the femur (the large rear leg bone) is decreased, and the head of the femur that connects to the pelvis begins to disintegrate. Usually, the first signs of Legg-Perthes occur when puppies are 4 to 6 months old. The first signs are limping and atrophy of the leg muscle. Qualified vets can perform surgery to cut off the diseased femur so that it isn’t attached to the pelvis any longer. The scar tissue that results from the surgery creates a “false joint,” and the puppy is usually pain-free.
- Patellar Luxation: This is a widespread problem for Poms. The patella is the kneecap. Luxation means dislocation of an anatomical part (as a bone at a joint). Patellar luxation is when the knee joint (often of a hind leg) slides in and out of place, causing pain. This can be crippling, but many dogs lead relatively everyday lives with this condition.
- Collapsed Trachea: This is a condition in which the trachea, which carries air to the lungs, tends to collapse quickly. The most common sign of a collapsed trachea is a chronic, dry, harsh cough that many describe as similar to a “goose honk.” Since it can be caused by pulling too hard against a collar while walking, you should train your Pom to walk nicely beside you instead of pulling at the leash or using a harness instead of a collar. The collapsed trachea can be treated medically or surgically.
- Dental Problems: Poms are prone to teeth and gum problems and early tooth loss. Watch for dental problems and take your Pom to the vet for regular dental exams.
white Pomeranian puppy Care
Pomeranians are very active indoors and are good choices for apartment dwellers and people without a fenced yard. They have a moderate activity level and enjoy several short daily walks or playtimes.
They are remarkably hearty and enjoy long walks, but always keep in mind that they are small and sensitive to heat. They love to play and get bored quickly, so be sure to give them lots of toys and rotate them frequently, so there’s always something new. They especially enjoy toys that challenge them.
One activity that both you and your Pom will enjoy is trick training. Poms love to learn new things and enjoy being the center of attention, so teaching them tricks is a perfect way to bond with them while providing them with exercise and mental stimulation.
They have a short attention span, so keep training sessions brief and fun. Reward your Pom with praise, treats, or play whenever he correctly performs a command or does something else you like.
white Pomeranian puppy: Recommended daily amount: 1/4 to 1/2 cup of high-quality dry food a day, divided into two meals.
Note: How much your adult dog eats depends on its size, age, build, metabolism, and activity level. Dogs are individuals, just like people, and they don’t all need the same amount of food. A highly active dog will need more than a couch potato dog. The quality of dog food you buy also makes a difference — the better the dog food, the further it will go toward nourishing your dog, and the less of it you’ll need to shake into your dog’s bowl.
For more on feeding your Pom, see our guidelines for buying the right food, feeding your puppy, and feeding your adult dog.
white Pomeranian puppy were developed in the province of Pomerania from the ancient Spitz breeds of the far northern countries. The closest relatives of the Pomeranian are the Norwegian Elkhound, the Schipperke, the German Spitz, the American Eskimo Dog, the Samoyed, and other members of the Spitz, or Northern, group of dogs, all of which are characterized by their wedge-shaped heads, prick ears, and thick furry coats. Early Pomeranians weighed as much as 30 pounds.
Even in the early days of the breed, Poms were popular. Notable people who were said to have Pomeranian-type dogs include theologian Martin Luther. who had a Pom named Belferlein that he often mentioned in his writings; artist Michelangelo, whose Pom sat on a satin pillow and watched him paint. The ceiling of the Sistine Chapel; physicist Isaac Newton, whose Pom named Diamond reportedly chewed many of his manuscripts, and composer Mozart. Whose Pom was called Pimperl and to whom he dedicated an aria.
In 1761, the appeal of Pomeranians moved to England when Sophie Charlotte, a 17-year-old Princess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (a neighboring province of Pomerania), married the English prince. He was to become King George III. She brought a pair of primarily white dogs named Phebe and Mercury that weighed more than 20 pounds, which was standard at that time. Although they were popular in royal circles, the new breed didn’t catch on.